These Ingredients Will Help You Get Rid of Hyperpigmentation
Ever since I started getting blemishes which quickly developed into full-blown hormonal acne, I have struggled with getting rid of hyperpigmentation and acne scarring. Unfortunately, hyperpigmentation affects many people and the more melanin you have, the worse your hyperpigmentation can be.
What is hyperpigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation is a common, usually harmless condition in which patches of skin become darker in colour than the normal surrounding skin. This darkening occurs when an excess of melanin, the brown pigment that produces normal skin colour, forms deposits in the skin. (aocd.org)
What are the main causes/triggers of hyperpigmentation?
There are a number of factors that can trigger an increase in melanin production, but the main ones are sun exposure, hormonal influences, age and skin injuries or inflammation. (Eucerin.com)
Disclaimer: Sunscreen is mandatory for general skin health but especially preventing hyperpigmentation. Make sure to wear high-factor, broad spectrum sunscreen daily - even if you are staying inside.
Retinoids have been shown to be able to fade hyperpigmentation from either acne scarring or even sunspots. Retinoids are an umbrella term for vitamin A derivatives. It is composed of both skincare products you can get from doctor’s prescription and those you can get over the counter from drugstore or skincare products. Tretinoin is one of the most commonly known active forms of vitamin A which are only available through a doctor's prescription, while the rest of the derivatives are found in over the counter products. (skinlibrary.co.uk)
Hydroquinone helps limit skin from creating an excess amount of melanin, which is what gives skin its colour. Too much melanin clustered together leads to the brown spots. Hydroquinone steps in to interrupt this process, causing brown spots to gradually fade.
Over-the-counter hydroquinone products can contain up to 2% concentrations, with 2% being the most effective OTC amount. 4% concentrations of hydroquinone (and sometimes even higher) are available by prescription only and can be helpful for stubborn or advanced brown or dark spots. (paulaschoice.com)
Vitamin C is a potent antioxidant drug that can be used topically in dermatology to treat and prevent changes associated with photoageing. It can also be used for the treatment of hyperpigmentation. Vitamin C interacts with copper ions at the tyrosinase-active site and inhibits action of the enzyme tyrosinase, thereby decreasing the melanin formation. (ncbi.gov)
Mandelic acid works in the deeper layers of skin to inhibit melanin production. Mandelic acid is great for all skin tones but has some unique advantages for dark skin because of its non-irritating action.
In addition to its melanin-inhibiting and micro-exfoliating properties, mandelic acid is anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, and anti-inflammatory. It clears dead skin cells, kills bacteria, reduces redness and inflammation, and helps to diminish the appearance of acne scars. (viviantskincare.com)
Niacinamide can help slow down the production of melanin and lighten existing dark patches of skin. It can help to reduce inflammation and hyperpigmentation, smooth your overall skin texture, and brighten your skin. (healthline.com)
Products I’ve tried and recommend for treating Hyperpigmentation:
Tretinoin cream/gel (available through prescription)
Hydroquinone (available through prescription)
What products do you use to treat your hyperpigmentation?